Destroyer Escorts of World War Two: Warships Data Special
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Destroyer Escorts of World War Two: Warships Data Special ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ. As part of the agreement the U.S. Navy saw the shortage of adequate ocean escorts in the Royal Navy, and recognized the same emerging need for itself.Just prior to our entry into World War II, the U.S. Navy Yards and twelve shipbuilding companies launched 563 DEs between 1942 and 1945, and the average construction time was eleven months. They served on the Okinawa radar picket line with 22 of the 50 participants being damaged by Kamikaze attacks. This ability and versatility was demonstrated by DEs in their efforts as partners with light carriers in anti-U-boat hunter/killer teams, participants in the Normandy and southern France invasions, accounting for the sinking of 28 Nazi submarines, downing of a number of German aircraft and rescuing of many merchant seamen and combatants at sea.In the Pacific, DEs fought againt Japanese warships at Samar and Leyte Gulf. In addition, the DEs battled against midget submarines and human torpedoes, and helped save the lives of survivors of the USS INDIANAPOLIS.Although most of them have been scrapped, sunk or used for targets, it is interesting to note that thirty-four escorts are still in active service in the navies of eleven foreign nations.. We believe that this publication will be an important reference for historians and naval enthusiasts. The U.S. Meanwhile, German submarine assaults continued and by late 1940, twenty-six allied ships were being sunk for every U-boat destroyed. The Nazi conquest of France left England completely isolated and its survival depended upon aid from overseas. In addition to providing a full review of the classes and characteristics of destroyer escorts, the role and purpose of wartime camouflage on these vessels is covered for the first time in public print. Trawlers, yachts and other types of crafts were converted for escort service, and they did not prove to be effective. Seventy-eight of the ships were transferred to the Royal Navy, 12 went to Brazil and France and 94 were completed or converted to APDs (high speed transports for Pacific invasions).The destroyer escorts proved to be extremely effective and highly adaptable for services far beyond their original purpose of anti-submarine warfare/escort duties. The ship plans have been faithfully and accurately produced and the art renderings and photograph selections bring to life a unique ship that served its role magnificently. placed an order in early 1941 for fifty Destroyer Escorts, a specially designed ship that was third of the cost of fleet destroyers, would take much less time to construct and yet have the same escort and anti-submarine capabilities.Five U.S. Thirty Japanese submarines were sunk, with six of them being destroyed within twelve days by the USS ENGLAND (DE-635). Congress established the Lend-Lease Act to bring American industrial strength to the aid of England. Also of great use and interest is the inclusion of a list of all American destroyer escorts commissioned. .more than four decades after they were constructed.The Destroyer Escort Sailors Association (DESA) is particularly pleased and proud of this publication. Convoys protected by naval escorts, were the means of survival.
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